Carlos Sun

Carlos Sun

Carlos Sun, PhD, JD, P.E.

Civil and Environmental Engineering

Carlos Sun profile

Biography

Dr. Carlos Sun has specialized in transportation engineering for over thirty years. He is a professor at the University of Missouri-Columbia (UMC) where he teaches graduate and undergraduate courses and conducts research. He is the coordinator for the minor in construction management program. His research areas include smart work zones, highway safety, intelligent transportation systems, simulators and virtual reality, autonomous and connected vehicles, smart cities, sustainable transportation modes, accessibility, legal issues, and construction management. Over his career, he has obtained approximately $10 million in research funding from programs such as NCHRP, ACRP, SHRP2, NSF, USDOT, FHWA, AGC, USDoED, and several state DOTs. His short-term experiences include University of California-Berkeley postdoctoral researcher, Missouri Department of Transportation Chief Counsel’s Office extern, and Associated General Contractors of America faculty fellow. He served on the Transportation Research Board’s Legal Resources Executive Committee of the National Academies where he oversaw the seven legal standing committees. He is a licensed attorney and professional engineer. His degrees are in electrical engineering (BS, University of California-Irvine [UCI]), civil/transportation engineering (MS/PhD, UCI) and law (JD, UMC).

Education

  • PhD from University of California-Irvine
  • JD from the University of Missouri

Technical Focus

Transportation
Construction Management

ZouTrans

ZouTrans is the transportation systems research and education laboratory at the University of Missouri.

  • Seven core faculty: Adu-Gyamfi, Anowar, Brown, Edara, Matisziw, Nemmers, Sun
  • Complements transportation pavements: Buttlar
  • Vibrant undergrad & graduate student research community
  • Undergraduate & graduate financial support
  • State-of-the-art research facilities, including ZouSim simulators and Big Data/machine learning
  • Sponsored research & collaborative research partnerships, e.g. NSF, NCHRP, ACRP, USDOT, SHRP2, FHWA, USDoED, MoDOT, foundations, local governments, private companies

ZouSim

ZouSim, the University of Missouri Transportation Simulator, is a family of federated (networked) simulators, including bicycling, wheeling, driving, trucking, walking, and e-scootering. ZouSim has been used for a variety of purposes, including research into autonomous vehicles, geometric design, work zone signage, and bicycle markings, and training and education.

All the ZouSim simulators were developed on the same platform and are networked together to replicate real-world scenarios involving multiple modes. The bicycling simulator consists of a fully instrumented Trek bicycle with electronic output for steering, speed, and braking. The driving simulator is a medium fidelity simulator that is built around the half cab of a Toyota Corolla sedan. The wheeling simulator is a functioning Pride Jazzy power wheelchair. The walking simulator consists of wearable yaw and gait sensors. The trucking simulator is based on a Volvo Heavy Truck cab and is used for studies such as truck platooning.

There are several graphical interface options as part of ZouSim, including six large projected video (e.g., 10 feet by 7.5 feet), Oculus Rift virtual reality (VR) goggle, four large screen 65 inch LED monitors, and stereoscopic 3D monitors. Human participant instrumentation include two eye trackers, an EEG monitor, accelerometer, magnetometer, and gyroscope.

Relevant Recent ZouSim-Related Activities

Zhang, S., Qing, Z., Brown, H., Sun, C., and Edara, P. (2019). “Simulator and Field Study of Green Lights on Truck-Mounted Attenuators in Missouri during Mobile Operations.” Journal of Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Vol. 2673, Iss. 2, Washington D.C. DOI: 10.1177/0361198118823202. [7] (10%)

Sun, C. and Qing, Zhu. (2018). “Design and Construction of a Virtual Bicycle Simulator for Evaluating Sustainable Facilities Design.” Advances in Civil Engineering. Volume 2018. https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/5735820.

Sun, C., Qing, Z., and Edara, P. (2018). “Evaluation of Autonomous Vehicle-Pedestrian Interactions Using Federated Simulators.” Institute of Transportation Engineers. Missouri Valley Section. Fall Meeting, Lenexa, Kansas, Oct. 3-5.

Sun, C., Schoelz, M., and Edara, P. (2018). “Federated Simulator Study of Human Driver Communications During Autonomous Truck Platooning.” Institute of Transportation Engineers. Missouri Valley Section. Fall Meeting, Lenexa, Kansas, Oct. 3-5.

Qing, Z., Zhang, S., Brown, H., and Sun, C. (2018). “Simulator and Field Study of Track-Mounted Automated Flagger Assistance Devices in Missouri.” 98th Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington D.C., January.

Brown, H., Sun, C., and Qing, Z. (2017). “Investigation of Alternative Bicycle Pavement Markings Using a Bicycle Simulator.” Journal of Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Iss. 0361-1981, Washington D.C.

Sun, C., Qing, Z., Edara, P., Balakrishnan, B. and Hopfenblatt, J. (2017) “Driving Simulator Study of J-Turn Acceleration-Deceleration Lane and U-Turn Spacing Configurations.” Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 2638. National Academy of Sciences. DOI 10.3141/2638-04.

Select Recent Peer-Reviewed Publications

  1. Zhang, S., Qing, Z., Brown, H., Sun, C., and Edara, P. (2019). “Simulator and Field Study of Green Lights on Truck-Mounted Attenuators in Missouri during Mobile Operations.” Journal of Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Vol. 2673, Iss. 2, Washington D.C. DOI: 10.1177/0361198118823202. [7] (10%)
  2. Bharadwaj, N., Edara, P., and Sun, C. (2019). “Risk Factors in Work Zone Safety Events: A Naturalistic Driving Study Analysis.” Journal of Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington D.C. DOI:10.1177/0361198118821630. [7] (10%)
  3. Claros, B., Sun, C., and Edara, P. (2018). “HSM Calibration Factor, Calibration Function, or Jurisdiction Specific Safety Model – A Comparative Analysis.” Journal of Transportation Safety and Security. Taylor and Francis. June. DOI: 10.1080/19439962.2018.1477896. (40%)
  4. Sun, C. and Qing, Zhu. (2018). “Design and Construction of a Virtual Bicycle Simulator for Evaluating Sustainable Facilities Design.” Advances in Civil Engineering. Volume 2018. https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/5735820. (80%)
  5. Claros, B., Sun, C., and Edara, P. (2018). “Missouri Specific Crash Prediction Model for Signalized Intersections.” Paper Accepted for Publication for the Journal of Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington D.C. [7] (40%)
  6. Claros, B., Sun, C., and Edara, P. (2017). “Enhancing Safety Risk Management with Quantitative Measures.” Journal of Transportation Research Board of the National Academies Volume 2603. https://doi.org/10.3141/2603-01. [14] (45%)
  7. Claros, B., Sun, C., and Edara, P. (2017). ” Airfield Incursion Modeling of United States Hub Airports.” Journal of Air Transportation. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. Reston, Virginia. doi: http://arc.aiaa.org/doi/abs/10.2514/1.J051609.
  8. Edara, P., Sun, C., and Hou, Y. (2017). “Evaluation of Variable Advisory Speed Limits in Congested Work Zones.” Journal of Safety and Security, Vol. 9, Iss. 2, pp. 123-145. [11] (30%)
  9. Brown, H., Sun, C., and Qing, Z. (2017). “Investigation of Alternative Bicycle Pavement Markings Using a Bicycle Simulator.” Journal of Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Iss. 0361-1981, Washington D.C. https://doi.org/10.3141/2662-16. [7] (45%)
  10. Claros, B., Edara, P., and Sun, C. (2017). “Safety Effect of Diverging Diamond Interchanges on Adjacent Roadway Facilities.” Journal of Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Iss. 0361-1981, Washington D.C. https://doi.org/10.3141/2618-08. [7] (25%)
  11. Claros, B., Zhu, Z., Edara, P., and Sun, C. (2017). “Design Guidance for J-turns on Rural High-Speed Expressways.” Journal of Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Iss. 0361-1981, Washington D.C. https://doi.org/10.3141/2618-07. [7] (25%)
  12. Claros, B., Edara, P., Sun, C. (2017) “When Driving on the Left Side Is Safe: Safety of the Diverging Diamond Interchange Ramp Terminals.” Accident Analysis & Prevention, Vol. 100, March, pp. 133-142.
  13. Sun, C., Qing, Z., Edara, P., Balakrishnan, B. and Hopfenblatt, J. (2017) “Driving Simulator Study of J-Turn Acceleration-Deceleration Lane and U-Turn Spacing Configurations.” Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 2638. National Academy of Sciences. DOI 10.3141/2638-04.[7]
  14. Claros, B., Sun, C., and Edara, P. (2016) “Red Light Cameras in Missouri: Safety Effectiveness, Crash Cost Benefit, and Legal Challenge.” Traffic Injury Prevention, June 27, DOI:10.1080/15389588.2016.1188203. (40%)
  15. Brown, H., Cope, T.Khezerzadeh, A., Sun, C., and Edara, P. (2016) “Maintenance of Traffic for Innovative Geometric Designs Work Zones.” Transportation Research Board. National Academy of Sciences. [7] (20%) (forthcoming)
  16. Claros, B., Edara, P. and Sun, C. (2016) “Site-specific Safety Analysis of Diverging Diamond Interchange Ramp Terminals.” Transportation Research Board. National Academy of Sciences. [7] (20%) (forthcoming)
  17. Edara, P., Sun, C., and Hou, Y. (2016) “Evaluation of Variable Advisory Speed Limits in Congested Work Zones.” Journal of Safety and Security. [11] (30%) (forthcoming)
  18. Hummer, J., Cunningham, C., Srinivasan, R., Warchol, S., Claros, B., Edara, P., and Sun, C. (2016) “Safety Evaluation of Seven of the Earliest Diverging Diamond Interchanges Installed in the US.” Transportation Research Board. National Academy of Sciences. [7] (5%)
  19. Zhu, Z., Edara, P., and Sun, C. (2016) “Case Study of an Alternative Merging Sign Design for Temporary Traffic Control in Work Zones.” ASCE Journal of Transportation Engineering, Vol. 142, Iss. 1, DOI 10.1061/(ASCE)TE.1943-5436.0000805. [6] (30%) (
  20. Sun, C., and Edara, P. (2015) “Is Getting a Uber-Lyft from a Sidecar Different from Hailing a Taxi? The Current Dynamic Ridesharing Controversy.” Journal of the Transportation Research Board, National Academy of Sciences, No. 2536, pp. 60-66. [7] (70%)
  21. Claros, B., Edara, P., Sun, C., and Brown, H. (2015) “Safety Evaluation of Diverging Diamond Interchanges in Missouri.” Journal of the Transportation Research Board, National Academy of Sciences, No. 2486, DOI 10.3141/2486-01, pp. 1-10. [7] (20%)
  22. Edara, P., Breslow, S., Sun, C., and Claros, B. (2015) “Empirical Evaluation of J-turn Intersection Performance – Analysis of Conflict Measures and Crashes.” Journal of the Transportation Research Board, National Academy of Sciences, No. 2486, DOI 10.3141/2486-02, pp.11-18. [7] (20%)
  23. Brown, H., Sun, C., and Cope, T. (2015) “Evaluation of Mobile Work Zone Alarm Systems.” Journal of the Transportation Research Board, National Academy of Sciences, No. 2485. [7] (40%)
  24. Hou, Y., Edara, P., and Sun, C. (2015) “Situation Assessment and Decision Making for Lane Change Assistance Using Ensemble Learning Methods” Expert Systems with Applications, Vol. 42, pp. 3875-3882. DOI:10.1016/j.eswa.2015.01.029. (30%)
  25. Hou, Y., Edara, P., and Sun, C. (2015) “Traffic Flow Forecasting for Urban Work Zones.” IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems, Vol. 16, Iss. 4. [1] (30%)
  26. Kianfar, J., Edara, P.*, and Sun, C. (2015) “Operational Analysis of a Freeway Variable Speed Limit System in St. Louis, Missouri.” Journal of Intelligent Transportation Systems, Vol. 19, Iss. 4. [5] (30%)
  27. Edara, P.*, Sun, C. Keller, C. and Hou, Y. (2014) “Evaluation of Dynamic Message Signs on Rural Freeways – Case Study of a Full Freeway Closure.” ASCE J. Transp. Eng. Vol. 140, No. 1, 10.1061/(ASCE)TE.1943-5436.0000614, August 21. [6] (30%)
  28. Mackley, A., Sun, C.* and Edara P. (2014) “Programmatic Examination of Missouri Incentive/Disincentive Contracts for Mitigating Work Zone Traffic Impacts.” ASCE J. Constr. Eng. Manage., Vol. 140, No. 1, 10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0000796. [4] (45%)
  29. Hou, Y., Edara, P.*, Sun, C. (2013) “Modeling Mandatory Lane Changing Using Bayes Classification and Decision Trees.” IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems. October 25. [1] (30%)
  30. Sun, C.*, Edara, P. and Mackley, A. (2013) “Refocusing on Liquidated Damages in Incentive/Disincentive Contracts.” ASCE J. Leg. Aff. Dispute Resolut. Eng. Constr., 5(3), 136–141. [19] (80%)
  31. Hou, Y., Edara, P.* and Sun, C. (2013) “Speed Limit Effectiveness in Short-Term Rural Interstate Work Zones.” Transportation Letters: the International Journal of Transportation Research, Volume 5, Number 1, January, pp. 8-14(7). [9] (30%)
  32. Rossy, M., Sun, C.*, Jessen, D. and Newman, E. (2013) “Residential Speed Limit Reduction Case Studies.” The Open Transportation Journal. Bentham Publishing. Volume 6. DOI: 10.2174/1874447801206010039. [10] (45%)
  33. Sun, C.*, Edara, P., Hou, Y.Robertson, A. (2012) “Safety Evaluation of Sequential Warning Lights in Tapers at Nighttime Work Zones” Journal of the Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Vol. 2272, pp. 1-8. [7] (60%)
  34. Hou, Y., Sun, C.*, Edara, P. (2012) “A Statistical Test for 85th And 15th Percentile Speeds Using The Asymptotic Distribution of Sample Quantiles.” Journal of the Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Vol. 2279, pp. 47-53. [7] (40%)
  35. Sun, C. (2012) “The Toll Road Not Taken: Could the One Option Less Used Make a Difference?” Kansas Journal of Law and Public Policy. Iss. 3, Vol. XXI. [17]
  36. Kianfar, J., Edara, P.* and Sun, C. (2012) “Analytical Methods for Deriving Work Zone Capacities from Field Data.” ASCE Journal of Transportation Engineering. Vol. 138, No. 6, June. [6] (30%)
  37. Sun, C.*, Edara, P. and Ervin, K. (2011) “Elevated-Risk Work Zone Evaluation of Temporary Rumble Strips.” Journal of Transportation Safety and Security. Vol. 3, Iss. 3, pp. 157-173. [11] (55%)
  38. Sun, C. (2011) “Is Robocop a Cash Cow? Motivations for Automated Traffic Enforcement” Journal of Transportation Law, Logistics and Policy. Vol. 78, No. 1. [18]
  39. Sun, C.* and Chilukuri, V. (2010) “Dynamic Incident Progression Curve for Classifying Secondary Traffic Crashes.” ASCE Journal of Transportation Engineering. 136, No. 12, November. [6] (55%).
  40. Sun, C. and Roark, M. (2010) “Summary of Electronic Bill of Lading Legal Issues in Trucking.” ASCE Journal of Legal Affairs and Dispute Resolution in Engineering and Construction. Vol. 3, No. 1. [19] (90%).

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